A new human has been discovered in Siberia and it appears to be a third type of human that existed at the same time as Neanderthals and Modern man. The newly discovered human is called Denisovans and the only evidence we have of his existence is a finger bone, tooth and possibly a toe bone. He lived 40,000 years ago. Originally, it was thought Denisovans were going to prove to be the missing link, but not so, we think
Neanderthals existed for 200,000 years and mysteriously disappeared about 30,000 years ago. There were probably no more than 15,000 of them. They had bulky bodies which they needed to sustain the climate and conditions. Their brains had a larger volume than ours, and it is likely that their intelligence was similar to ours, contrary to popular thought and movies with Victor Mature or John Richardson. Remember Tumak in 1 Million Years B.C.?
There was a cult movie called The Neanderthal Man in which a scientist goes out to find out if Neanderthal Man wasn’t smarter and superior to Modern man. It disintegrates into fun nonsense, but it does ask the question. We don’t really know, do we?
It is now thought that Neanderthals did not mate, or at least not much, with Modern man who appeared sometime around 60,000 years ago. Unfortunately, we don’t know what happened to Neanderthal man and their ending might have been a gruesome one at the hands of Modern man.
In El Sidron,, 18,000 Neanderthal bones were found and the questions that scientists asked were, did the modern humans sweeping out of Africa beginning some 60,000 years ago completely replace the Neanderthals, or did they interbreed with them?
A trace of Neanderthal DNA in an arm bone found that Neanderthals DNA were so different from Modern man that they must have been related to a far distant ancestor (at best) and did not mate in all likelihood. If there was any interbreeding, it was too minimal to affect DNA. Neanderthals were a separate species. There is no proof that there even was a far distant ancestor from what I can tell. No one living then has survived, lol. Perhaps theses are species which developed independently, but that would be contradicting Darwin and that’s not acceptable.
Today, we don’t see another species that equals ours, with the apes being the closest to us, so we can’t imagine another species that is similar living alongside of us. Instead we concentrate on inconsequential features such as hair and skin color and texture. What if this obvious fascination with minutiae is connected to some distant past where differences were more prominent and significant?
In El Sidron, the remains of at least nine Neanderthals—five young adults, two adolescents, a child of about eight, and a three-year-old toddler were discovered. All showed signs of nutritional stress in their teeth—not unusual in young Neanderthals late in their time on Earth. But a deeper desperation is etched in their bones. A recently unearthed fragment of a skull and another of a long bone of an arm, both with jagged edges told the tale.
“These fractures were—clop—made by humans,” one scientist named Rosas said, imitating the blow of a stone tool. “It means these fellows went after the brains and into long bones for the marrow.”In addition to the fractures, cut marks left on the bones by stone tools clearly indicate that the individuals were cannibalized. Whoever ate their flesh, and for whatever reason—starvation? ritual?—the subsequent fate of their remains bestowed upon them a distinct and marvelous kind of immortality.
Shortly after the nine individuals died—possibly within days—the ground below them suddenly collapsed, leaving little time for hyenas and other scavengers to scatter the remains.
Humans and chimps share 98.7% of the same DNA while Neanderthals are much closer to us. They had similar vocal cords and might have been capable of complex language and singing. Read here: National Geographic, Neanderthals