by Dianne Hermann
“The farther back you can look, the farther forward you are likely to see.”
– Winston Churchill
Week of June 9-15, 2014
1534 – Jacques Cartier first sails into the mouth of the St. Lawrence River, which connects the Atlantic Ocean with the Great Lakes.
1628 – In the first deportation from what is now the U.S., Thomas Morton is sent away from Massachusetts after he is charged with sedition for being a Royalist agitator.
1772 – The first naval attack of Revolutionary War takes place in Providence, Rhode Island, against the British Navy’s armed schooner “Gaspee.”
1790 – The first book copyrighted under the constitution is “Philadelphia Spelling Book.”
1869 – Charles Elmer Hires sells his first root beer in Philadelphia.
1909 – Alice Huyler Ramsey, a 22-year-old housewife and mother from Hackensack, New Jersey, becomes the first woman to drive across the United States. In 59 days she drives a Maxwell automobile with three female companions (none of whom could drive a car) the 3,800 miles from Manhattan, New York, to San Francisco, California.
1928 – Charles Kingsford-Smith and Charles Ulm are the first to fly across the Pacific when they complete their flight from California to Australia. Both men disappear during different trips while trying to set new distance records.
1931 – Robert Goddard patents the design of the first rocket-powered aircraft. He is considered the father of modern rocketry. Goddard died in 1945 at age 62.
1934 – The first Donald Duck cartoon, “Wise Little Hen,” is released.
1953 – “Milton Berle Show/Texaco Star Theater,” which premiers in 1948, last airs on NBC-TV.
1962 – Tony Bennett performs in a concert at Carnegie Hall in New York City. The concert is released as a live album.
1970 – Harry A. Blackmun is sworn in as Supreme Court Justice.
1978 – The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons) strikes down a 148-year policy of excluding black men from the priesthood.
1985 – Thomas Sutherland, a professor at the American University of Beirut, is kidnapped and held hostage in Lebanon for 2,253 days, making him the 2nd longest held Iranian captive after Terry Anderson. In June 2001, the Sutherland family won a $323 million verdict in a lawsuit against the frozen assets of the Iranian government. He has received $35 million.
1652 – In Boston, John Hull and Robert Sanderson open the first mint in America.
1760 – New York passes the first effective law regulating the practice of medicine.
1793 – Washington, DC replaces Philadelphia as the U.S. capital.
1848 – The first telegraph links New York City and Chicago.
1854 – The first class of the United States Naval Academy graduates 50 midshipmen.
1908 – The first flying club, Aeronautical Society of New York, opens.
1924 – The Republican political convention in Cleveland is the first convention to be broadcast on radio.
1935 – Dr. Robert Smith and William Wilson of Akron, Ohio, form Alcoholics Anonymous.
1963 – President JFK signs a law for equal pay for equal work for men and women.
1977 – James Earl Ray (Martin Luther King’s killer) escapes from prison. He is recaptured two days later.
1978 – Affirmed wins the Triple Crown at the 110th Belmont Stakes with jockey Steve Cauthen in 2:26.8. Affirmed is the last horse to win the Triple Crown.
1981 – Pete Rose ties Stan Musial’s National League baseball record of 3,630 hits. Rose holds the record for the most hits at 4,256. (Musial is 4th on the all-time hits list.)
1984 – A U.S. missile shoots down an incoming missile in space for the first time.
1985 – Coca Cola announces they will bring back their 99-year-old formula.
2003 – The Spirit Rover is launched, beginning NASA’s Mars Exploration Rover mission. The Rover lands on Mars on January 2004 and transmits information until March 2010.
1578 – England grants Sir Humphrey Gilbert a patent to explore and colonize North America.
1742 – Benjamin Franklin invents his Franklin stove.
1776 – Continental Congress creates a committee (Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman, and Robert R. Livingston) to draft a Declaration of Independence.
1859 – The Comstock silver lode is discovered near Virginia City, Nevada, by two miners, Peter O’Riley and Patrick McLaughlin.
1895 – The first auto race is held in the U.S. and run from Chicago to Milwaukee between six cars. The race is won by Charles Duryea’s Motorized Wagon in about eight hours at an average speed of 7 mph.
1919 – Sir Barton becomes the first horse to win the Triple Crown. There are currently 11 horses that have won the three horse races that make up the Triple Crown.
1928 – Alfred Hitchcock’s first film, “The Case Of Jonathan Drew,” is released in the U.S.
1936 – The Presbyterian Church of America is founded at Philadelphia.
1947 – Sugar rationing during World War II ends.
1948 – The V-2 Blossom is launched into space from White Sands, New Mexico, carrying Albert II, a rhesus monkey. Although Albert II survives the flight, he dies on impact on June 14 after a parachute failure.
1953 – “Amos ‘n Andy,” a TV comedy show, also broadcast on radio from 1929, last airs on CBS-TV.
1977 – Seattle Slew wins the Belmont Stakes and the Triple Crown. The previous Triple Crown winner is Secretariat in 1973.
1982 – The movie “E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial” is released, becoming the highest grossing film at the time.
1984 – The U.S. Supreme Court declares illegally obtained evidence (Exclusionary Rule) may be admitted at trial if it could be proved that it would have been discovered legally.
1990 – The Supreme Court says the law prohibiting desecration of the U.S. flag are unconstitutional.
1993 – “Jurassic Park” opens and sets a box office weekend record of $502 million.
2001 – Timothy McVeigh is executed for his role in the Oklahoma City bombing.
2004 – Ronald Reagan’s funeral is held at the Washington National Cathedral. Former President Reagan died on June 5th at age 93.
1665 – England installs a municipal government in New York City (the former Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam).
1787 – Article I, Section 3, Clause 3 of the Constitution provides that a senator must be at least 30 years old.
1908 – The Lusitania arrives in New York City after crossing the Atlantic Ocean in a record 4 days 15 hours. The ship is sunk by a German torpedo during World War I in June 1915 on a voyage from New York to England. The ship sinks in 18 minutes, with a lost of 1,195 of the 1,959 people on board, including 123 Americans.
1923 – Harry Houdini frees himself from a straight jacket while suspended upside down, 40 feet above ground in New York City.
1931 – Al Capone is indicted on 5,000 counts of prohibition and perjury.
1939 – The Baseball Hall of Fame opens in Cooperstown, New York.
1965 – Sonny & Cher make their first TV appearance. They sing on the TV show “American Bandstand.”
1967 – The U.S. Supreme Court unanimously ends laws against interracial marriages.
1979 – Bryan Allen of California flies the man-powered Gossamer Albatross over the English Channel in the first human-powered aircraft. The flight takes 2 hours, 49 minutes. American aeronautical engineer Paul MacCready, Jr designs the craft.
1996 – Cincinnati Reds president and CEO Marge Schott gives up day-to-day operations because of her numerous insensitive comments about Adolf Hitler, working women, and Asians.
1774 – Rhode Island becomes the first colony to prohibit the importation of slaves.
1777 – Marquis de Lafayette of France lands in the U.S. He serves in the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War, becoming life-long friends with George Washington.
1865 – President Andrew Johnson proclaims reconstruction in the confederate states.
1927 – New York City welcomes Charles A. Lindbergh with a ticker-tape parade.
1948 – Babe Ruth bids a final farewell to fans at Yankee Stadium on the 25th anniversary of the stadium. He dies August 16th.
1957 – A full-scale reproduction of the Mayflower sails from Plymouth, England, and reaches Plymouth, Massachusetts.
1962 – “The Bob Newhart Show,” last airs on NBC-TV after one season. The show returns from 1972 to 1978 co-starring Suzanne Pleshette.
1966 – The Supreme Court rules on the Miranda case and decides that suspects must be informed of their rights.
1967 – Thurgood Marshall is nominated as the first black Supreme Court Justice.
1971 – The New York Times begins publishing “The Pentagon Papers.”
1979 – The Sioux Nation receives $100 million in compensation from the U.S. for taking Black Hills, South Dakota.
1981 – Tom Snyder interviews mass-murderer Charles Manson on the TV show “Tomorrow.”
1983 – Pioneer 10 becomes the first man-made object to leave our Solar System.
1987 – Daniel Buettner, Bret Anderson, Martin Engel, and Anne Knabe complete a cycling journey of 15,266 mi from Prudhoe Bay, Alaska, to Argentina.
1997 – American fugitive Ira Einhorn is arrested in France for the murder of Holly Maddux after 16 years on the run, although he is not extradited for another four years. He is convicted in 2002 and is serving life in prison without the possibility of parole. Einhorn is now 74 years old.
2002 – The U.S. withdraws from the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty.
1777 – The Continental Congress adopts the Stars and Stripes, replacing Grand Union flag.
1834 – The hardhat diving suit is patented by Leonard Norcross of Dixfield, Maine.
1881 – The player piano is patented by John McTammany, Jr, of Cambridge, Massachusetts.
1900 – The Hawaiian Republic becomes the U.S. Territory of Hawaii.
1923 – President Harding is the first U.S. president to use the radio when he dedicates the Francis Scott Key memorial in Baltimore, Maryland.
1951 – The first commercial computer, UNIVAC 1, enters service at the Census Bureau.
1954 – President Eisenhower signs an order adding words “under God” to the Pledge of Allegiance.
1989 – Ground breaking begins in Minnesota on the world’s largest mall.
1989 – President Ronald Reagan is knighted by Queen Elizabeth II.
1989 – Zsa Zsa Gabor is arrested for slapping Beverly Hills motorcycle patrolman. Zsa Zsa is now 97 years old.
1990 – The Supreme Court rules that police DUI checkpoints for drunk drivers constitutional.
1741 – Captain Vitus Bering leaves Petropavlovsk in Russia sailing to North America. He discovers Kodiak Island, Alaska. Bering died on a voyage in December.
1775 – George Washington is appointed commander-in-chief of Continental Army.
1844 – Charles Goodyear patents the vulcanization of rubber.
1864 – Robert E. Lee’s home in Arlington, Virginia, becomes a military cemetery.
1877 – Henry Ossian Flipper becomes the first African American to graduate from West Point Military Academy.
1887 – Carlisle D. Graham survives the third of his four successful rides over a Niagara waterfall in barrel. In 1901 Graham lent his newly designed a barrel to Martha Wagenfuhrer, who became the first woman to successfully navigate through the rapids and whirlpool alone.
1924 – Ford Motor Company manufactures its 10 millionth Model T automobile.
1924 – J. Edgar Hoover assumes leadership of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI).
1955 – The Eisenhower administration stages the first annual “Operation Alert” (OPAL) civil defense readiness exercise, an attempt to assess the America’s preparations for a nuclear attack.
1962 – Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) complete the Port Huron Statement, a radical manifesto written primarily by SDS co-founder Tom Hayden during a United Auto Workers retreat in Port Huron, Michigan. Hayden was married to Jane Fonda from 1973 to 1990.
1979 – The first Space Shuttle Solid Rocket Booster qualification test firing lasts 122 seconds.
1982 – Supreme Court rules all children, regardless of citizenship, are entitled to a public education.
1983 – The Supreme Court strikes down two state and local restrictions on abortion. In the City of Akron v Akron Center, the court rules against a law requiring parental consent for abortions for girls under age 15. On the same day the court also rules against a Missouri law requiring abortions in the second trimester be performed at a hospital.
1994 – Ruth Bader Ginsburg is sworn in as Supreme Court Justice.