This Week in History, Week of September 26-October 2, 2016

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This Week In History

by Dianne Hermann

 

“While I take inspiration from the past, like most Americans, I live for the future.”

– Ronald Reagan

 

Week of September 26-October 2, 2016

 

 

 

September 26

 

1789 – Thomas Jefferson is appointed the first U.S. Secretary of State. Jefferson serves as President from March 1801 to March 1809.

 

1892 – John Philip Sousa’s band makes its first public appearance at Stillman Music Hall in Plainfield, New Jersey. The March King dies in 1932 at the age of 77. In 1987, “The Stars and Stripes Forever” is designated as the national march of the U.S.

 

1914 – The U.S. Federal Trade Commission is established.

 

1926 – In the shortest double header in baseball history, the Yankees lose to the Browns 6-1 in 72 minutes and lose again 6-2 in 55 minutes.

 

1955 – The New York Stock Exchange suffers its worst decline since 1929 when the word is released concerning President Eisenhower’s heart attack.

 

1957 – The musical “West Side Story” opens on Broadway. Watch rare footage from the Broadway show:

 

1960 – The first of four presidential TV debates with Richard Nixon and John Kennedy takes place in Chicago. Kennedy wins the election in 1960. Nixon goes on to become president in 1972.

 

1962 – “The Beverly Hillbillies” premiers on TV and airs until 1971.

 

1973 – Wilt Chamberlain signs with the American Basketball Association’s San Diego Conquistadors as a coach. He is drafted by the Philadelphia Warriors in 1959 and ends his playing career with the LA Lakers in 1973. Chamberlain holds an astounding 72 NBA records, including the most number of points scored in a season (4,029). He died in 1999 at the age of 63.

 

1978 – New York District Court Judge Constance Baker Motley rules that women sportswriters cannot be banned from sports locker rooms.

 

1981 – The Boeing 767 makes its maiden flight in Everett, Washington.

 

1985 – Shamu is born at SeaWorld in Orlando, Florida, and becomes the first killer whale to survive being born in captivity. SeaWorld announced in 2016 that it will end the controversial breeding and public shows of killer whales. Watch the birth of Shamu:

 

 

1986 – William Rehnquist becomes Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. He is an Associate Justice and is nominated following the death of Chief Justice Warren Burger. Rehnquist dies in 2005 while serving on the bench and is succeeded by John Roberts.

 

1986 – Bobby Ewing (Patrick Duffy) returns to the TV show “Dallas.” His death is attributed to his wife Pam’s bad dream and erases all of the previous season.

 

1991 – Four men and four women begin their two-year stay inside the “Biosphere II.” The project is intended to develop technology for future space colonies.

 

1992 – Jimmy Connors beats Martina Navratilova in 2 sets in another Battle of the Sexes tennis match played in Las Vegas.

 

1995 – “George” magazine premieres, published by John F. Kennedy Jr. Kennedy dies in a plane crash at the age of 38 along with his wife and sister-in-law in July of 1999.

 

2000 – The House of Representatives passes the Born-Alive Infants Protection Act. The act states that an infant is considered to have been born alive if he or she is completely extracted or expelled from the mother, breathes, has a beating heart, and definite movement of the voluntary muscles.

 

2006 – Facebook opens to everyone at least 13 years or older with a valid email address.

 

 

September 27

 

1779 – John Adams negotiates the Revolutionary War peace terms with England.

 

1892 – The Diamond Match Company patents matchbooks.

 

1908 – The first Ford Model T automobile is built at the Piquette Plant in Detroit, Michigan.

 

1909 – President Taft sets aside about 3 million acres of oil-rich public land (including Teapot Dome, Wyoming) for conservation purposes. The Teapot Dome Scandal takes place in 1921-9122 during the Warren G. Harding administration.

 

1928 – The U.S. recognizes the Nationalist Chinese government, and vice versa.

 

1937 – The first Santa Claus school opens in Albion, New York.

 

1941 – The first World War II liberty ship, the freighter Patrick Henry, is launched.

 

1954 – Steve Allen’s “Tonight Show” premiers on TV and Allen hosts the show until 1957. Jack Parr hosts the show 1957-1962, Johnny Carson hosts 1962-1992, and Jay Leno hosts 1992-2014 (except for 2009-2010 when Conan O’Brian hosts). Jimmy Fallon is the current host. It is the longest-running talk show in TV history. Watch the opening of the first episode:

 

1954 – Charles V. Bush is the first African-American Supreme Court page.

 

1964 – The Warren Commission releases its findings on the Kennedy assassination and determines that Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone. Oswald is killed by Jack Ruby on November 24, 1963, as police transfer Oswald to another jail.

 

1973 – Vice President Spiro Agnew says he will not resign after he pleads “no contest” to a charge of tax evasion. He resigns on October 10th.

 

1979 – The Department of Education becomes the 13th Cabinet after the final approval from Congress.

 

1998 – Mark McGwire (St. Louis Cardinals) sets a major league baseball record when he hits his 70th home run of the season. Watch Big Mac attack the ball:

 

2012 – NASA’s Mars Curiosity Rover discovers evidence of a fast-moving streambed in Mars. (See Sept. 28, 2015)

 

 

September 28

 

1701 – Divorce is legalized in Maryland.

 

1850 – The U.S. Navy abolishes flogging as punishment for sailors.

 

1904 – A woman is arrested for smoking a cigarette in a car on 5th Avenue in New York City.

 

1920 – Eight White Sox baseball players, including Shoeless Joe Jackson, are indicted for intentionally losing the 1919 World Series. The only player not indicted is third baseman George “Buck” Weaver, who batted .324 in the series. Although all 8 players are acquitted, baseball Commissioner Landis bans them from baseball for life.

 

1928 – The first music recording session in Nashville is by Warmack’s Gully Jumpers. Hear the recording at:

 

1944 – “The Boys from Boise” airs as the first TV musical comedy.

 

1949 – “My Friend Irma” is the first of twelve movies starring Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis.

 

1967 – President LBJ appoints Walter Washington as the first commissioner of Washington, DC. Washington is elected mayor in 1975-1979.

 

1968 – Singer Janis Joplin announces she is leaving “Big Brother and the Holding Company.” Janis dies form a heroin overdose on October 4, 1970, at the age of 27.

 

1974 – First Lady Betty Ford undergoes a radical mastectomy. The former first lady is the co-founder of the Betty Ford Center in California. Ford died in 2011 at age 93.

 

1997 – Newscaster David Brinkley, 74, retires after 54 years in broadcasting. He hosted the Huntley-Brinkley report with Chet Huntley until 1970. Huntley died in 1974 at age 62. Brinkley died in 2003 at age 82. Goodnight David. Goodnight Chet. Watch the final sign-off in 1970:

 

2008 – SpaceX launches the first-ever private spacecraft, the Falcon 1 into orbit.

 

2015 – NASA scientists announce that findings from the Mars Rover provide evidence that liquid water flows on the surface of Mars.

 

 

September 29

 

1890 – In the first professional baseball game, the New York Metropolitans beat the Washington Nationals 4-2 in 5 innings at the Polo Grounds in New York City.

 

1904 – The first monument honoring Spanish-American War veterans is erected in Monroeville, Ohio.

 

1907 – Construction begins on the National Cathedral in Washington, DC. (See this day 1990)

 

1916 – John D. Rockefeller becomes the first billionaire.

 

1930 – Lowell Thomas, newscaster, film maker, and author, makes his radio debut. Thomas met and filmed T. E. Lawrence (of Arabia) in 1918. Thomas died in 1981 at age 89.

 

1943 – President Eisenhower and Italian Marshal Pietro Badoglio sign an armistice during World War II.

 

1950 – The telephone answering machine is created by Bell Laboratories.

 

1963 – The Rolling Stones start their first U.S. tour. They are the opening act for Bo Diddley and The Everly Brothers.

 

1982 – Mary Kellerman, a 12-year-old girl from a suburb of Chicago, dies after being given one extra-strength Tylenol capsule that, unbeknownst to her mother, is laced with the highly poisonous potassium cyanide. The drug-tampering case remains unsolved. James William Lewis is convicted of extortion for sending a letter taking credit for the deaths and demanding $1 million to stop them.

 

1983 – Congress invokes the War Powers Act for the first time when it authorizes the deployment of 1,600 American Marines in Beirut, Lebanon, for an additional 18 months.

 

1983 – “A Chorus Line,” with 3,389 performances, becomes the longest running Broadway show. It closed in 1990 and ranks 6th with over 6,000 performances. The Broadway show record is now held by “The Phantom of the Opera,” which opened in 1988, with nearly 12,000 performances.

 

1989 – Zsa Zsa Gabor is convicted of slapping a police officer during a traffic stop in Beverly Hills, California. Gabor is now 99 years old. Watch a brief news segment about the event:

 

1990 – The Washington National Cathedral is completed after 83 years of construction.

 

1994 – The first phase of the OJ Simpson murder trial (jury selection) ends when 304 potential jurors are chosen. He is found not guilty on October 3, 1995. Simpson is 68 years old and in prison following a conviction on unrelated charges.

 

1997 – Jury selection begins in the Terry Nichols trial for the Oklahoma City bombing. He is convicted of 161 charges of murder, including 1 unborn child. Nichols is now 60 years old.

 

2005 – The Chicago White Sox clinch their first division title since 2000 and become only the 10th team in the history of baseball to be in first place on every day of the season.

 

2008 – Following the bankruptcies of Lehman Brothers and Washington Mutual, the Dow Jones Industrial Average closes down 777.68 points or nearly 7 percent, the largest single-day point loss in its history.

 

 

September 30

 

1777 – Congress flees to York, Pennsylvania, as British forces advance during the Revolutionary War.

 

1864 – Following the Battle of New Market Heights in Virginia, thirteen black soldiers earn the Medal of Honor for their valor in leading the charge against Confederate fortifications after many of their officers are killed or wounded.

 

1927 – Babe Ruth hits his record setting 60th homerun off pitcher Tom Zachary.

 

1939 – The first televised college football game is broadcast when the Fordham Rams play the Waynesburg Yellow Jackets at Triborough Stadium in New York City. Fordham wins the game 34–7.

 

1953 – President Dwight Eisenhower nominates Earl Warren as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. Warren receives Senate confirmation on March 1, 1954, and serves until 1969. Chief Justice Warren died in 1974 at age 83.

 

1956 – Chicago White Sox pitcher Jim Derrington, 16, becomes youngest player to start in a baseball game. He never pitched in another major league game after he turned 17 due to a serious arm injury.

 

1960 – The “Flintstones” premieres on TV as the first prime time animated show. It airs until April of 1966. Watch the original opening credits:

 

1960 – On Howdy Doody’s last TV show Clarabell the Clown finally speaks saying, “Goodbye Kids.” Hear it for yourself:

 

1968 – The first Boeing 747 rolls out.

 

1984 – “Murder She Wrote,” starring Angela Lansbury, premieres on TV and airs until 1996. Lansbury is now 90 years old.

 

1997 – Microsoft Corp releases Internet Explorer 4.0.

 

2004 – The AIM-54 Phoenix, the primary missile for the F-14 Tomcat, is retired from service. Two years later the Tomcat, introduced in 1974, retires.

 

 

October 1

 

1880 – John Philip Sousa becomes the new director of the U.S. Marine Corps Band.

 

1888 – National Geographic magazine is published for the first time.

 

1890 – Yosemite National Park forms during the Benjamin Harrison administration. In June 1864, President Abraham Lincoln signs a bill ceding the Yosemite Valley area to the state of California with the requirement that it be held as a national public trust “for all time.”

 

1903 – The first baseball World Series is played between the Pittsburgh Pirates and the Boston Pilgrims (now the Red Sox). Boston wins the series 5-3.

 

1908 – Henry Ford introduces the Model T car. It costs $825.

 

1919 – The Chicago White Sox are accused of intentionally losing the World Series to satisfy gamblers in what is called the Black Sox Scandal. Eight players are eventually acquitted but they are all kicked out of baseball anyway.

 

1932 – In the 5th inning of Game 3 of the World Series, Babe Ruth famously points to the outfield and hits a 2-strike pitch into center field bleachers for a home run. Watch the Babe call the shot” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FwIlNSi3x7c

 

1945 – Heavyweight boxing champ Joe Louis is discharged from the Army.

 

1952 – Mad Magazine debuts with an October-November issue. Its mascot is Alfred E. Neuman.

 

1957 – “In God We Trust” first appears on U.S. paper currency.

 

1958 – The U.S. space agency NASA begins operations after incorporating the National Advisory Council on Aeronautics and other agencies.

 

1962 – Johnny Carson hosts his first Tonight Show. Rudy Vallée, Joan Crawford, Tony Bennett, and Mel Brooks are his first guests. The final Tonight Show airs on May 22, 1992, and Johnny has no guests. Carson died in 2005 at age 79. Watch a rare video of his first show:

 

1964 – The “Free Speech Movement” is launched at University of California at Berkley. Students demand that the university administration lift the ban of on-campus political activities and acknowledge the students’ right to free speech and academic freedom.

 

1971 – Walt Disney World in Orlando, Florida, opens to the public.

 

1975 – Muhammad Ali TKOs Joe Frazier in 15 rounds for the heavyweight boxing called the “The Thrilla in Manila.”

 

1977 – The Department of Energy is established.

 

1979 – Pope John Paul II begins his first papal visit to the U.S. in Boston, Massachusetts.

 

1982 – EPCOT Center (Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow) in Orlando, Florida, opens to the public. Watch a preview video of EPCOT:

 

1984 – Peter Ueberroth replaces Bowie Kuhn as the 6th commissioner of baseball. Rob Manfred is the 10th and current commissioner.

 

1992 – The Cartoon Cable Network premieres on TV.

 

2004 – Seattle Mariners outfielder Ichiro Suzuki gets his 258th hit of the season, breaking George Sisler’s 84-year-old single-season baseball record. He ends the season with 262 hits, a record that still stands.

 

2011 – President Obama appoints General Martin Dempsey as the Chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff. Dempsey retired on September 25, 2015. President Obama nominated General Joseph F. Dunford, Jr., who replaced Dempsey.

 

2012 – California becomes the first state to ban gay conversion therapy for minors.

 

2013 – A partial U.S. federal government shutdown occurs as a result of political deadlock over operational spending.

 

 

October 2

 

1871 – The Mormon leader Brigham Young is arrested for bigamy.

 

1889 – The first Pan American conference in held in Washington, DC.

 

1916 – Dr. Harry Wegeforth establishes the San Diego Zoo as a result of the abandonment of exotic animals following the 1915 Panama-California Exposition.

 

1919 – President Woodrow Wilson has a stroke, leaving him partially paralyzed.

 

1936 – The first alcohol power plant forms in Atchison, Kansas. It produces a corn-based biofuel called Agrol.

 

1942 – The first self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction is demonstrated in Chicago.

 

1950 – The first comic strips of Charlie Brown and Li’l Folks (later “Peanuts”) appear in nine U.S. newspapers.

 

1956 – The first atomic powered clock is exhibited in New York City.

 

1967 – Thurgood Marshall is sworn in as the first black Supreme Court Justice. Justice Marshall serves on the Supreme Court until 1991. He died in 1993 as age 84.

 

1980 – Larry Holmes TKOs 38-year-old Muhammad Ali in 11 rounds for the heavyweight boxing title.

 

1990 – The U.S. Senate votes 90-9 to confirm David Souter to the Supreme Court. Justice Souter serves on the Supreme Court until his retirement in 2009. He is now 77 years old.

 

2002 – The Beltway Sniper attacks begin in the Washington, DC area, extending over three weeks. Ten people are killed and three others wounded before John Allen Muhammad and 17-year-old Lee Boyd Malvo are arrested. In 2003 Malvo is sentenced to six consecutive life terms without possibility of parole and Muhammed is sentenced to death. Muhammed is executed in 2009. Malvo is now 31 years old.

 

2005 – The National Football League plays its first regular season game outside United States. The Arizona Cardinals defeat the San Francisco 49ers 31-14 in Mexico City, Mexico.

 

2006 – Five girls are murdered by Charles Carl Roberts in a shooting at an Amish school in Nickel Mines, Pennsylvania, before Roberts committed suicide.

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