Who Was Frederick Douglass

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Frederick Douglass

The National Park Service has an interesting online tour of Frederick Douglass’ home. See here: Tour his rooms

Born a slave, Frederick Douglass escaped to New York and began a life fighting for freedom for blacks and women alike.

Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey was born a slave in February 1818 on Holmes Hill Farm, near the town of Easton on Maryland’s Eastern Shore. After escaping slavery and relocating to New York, Frederick decided to change his name so as to make it more difficult for slave catchers to trace him. HIs friend Nathan Johnson was at the time reading The Lady of the Lake, a novel by Scottish author Sir Walter Scott, and he suggested that Frederick name himself after a character in the book. Frederick Baily thus became Frederick Douglass.

Frederick Douglass was one of the foremost leaders of the abolitionist movement, which fought to end slavery within the United States in the decades prior to the Civil War and he was one of America’s first great African American (AA) speakers.
He served as an adviser to President Abraham Lincoln during the Civil War  and fought for the adoption of constitutional amendments that guaranteed voting rights. Read here: History of Frederick Douglass


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