by Dianne Hermann
“The farther back you can look, the farther forward you are likely to see.”
– Winston Churchill
Week of September 23-29, 2013
1806 – Lewis and Clark return to St. Louis from the first overland journey from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Northwest and back.
1952 – The first closed circuit pay-TV telecast of a sporting event, the Marciano-Walcott fight, airs in 49 theaters in 31 cities. Rocky Marciano knocks out the heavyweight champion “Jersey Joe” Walcott in 13 rounds for heavyweight boxing title.
1957 – “That’ll Be Day” by Buddy Holly & the Crickets reaches #1 on the music charts. February 3, 1959, is the day the music died when Holly is killed in a plane crash.
1997 – The Seattle Mariners break the record for the most home runs in a single season with 258. The record still stands.
1657 – The first autopsy and coroner’s jury verdict in the United States is recorded in the colony of Maryland.
1869 – Panic on Wall Street results from Jay Gould and Jim Fisk’s attempt to corner the gold market. The price of gold plummets in what is referred to as Black Friday.
1955 – President Eisenhower suffers his first of several heart attacks while on vacation in Denver, Colorado.
1960 – The first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, the USS Enterprise, launches from Newport News, Virginia. It was the oldest active ship in the U.S. Navy until it was decommissioned last December.
1963 – The U.S Senate ratifies a Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty with Britain and the USSR to limit nuclear testing.
1968 – “60 Minutes” premieres on CBS-TV.
1969 – The trial of the “Chicago 8” begins (protesters at the 1968 Democrat National Convention). The case of Bobby Seale, co-founder of the Black Panthers, is declared a mistrial and the remaining group becomes the “Chicago 7.” On February 19, 1970, they are found not guilty of conspiracy, five are convicted of lesser crimes, and all (plus two of their attorneys) are cited for criminal contempt and sentenced to anywhere from three months to four years in prison.
1493 – Christopher Columbus sets sail with 17 ships on his second voyage to America.
1639 – The first printing press in America begins operating at Harvard in Massachusetts.
1789 – Congress proposes the Bill of Rights, which are written largely by George Mason.
1867 – Congress creates Howard University in Washington DC, the first all-black university in America.
1919 – President Woodrow Wilson is paralyzed by a stroke.
1926 – Henry Ford announces an 8-hour, 5-day work week.
1789 – Thomas Jefferson is appointed the first U.S. Secretary of State. Jefferson serves as President from March 1801 to March 1809.
1892 – John Philip Sousa’s band makes its first public appearance at Stillman Music Hall in Plainfield, New Jersey. The March King dies in 1932 at the age of 77. In 1987, “The Stars and Stripes Forever” is designated as the national march of the United States.
1960 – The first of four presidential TV debates with Richard Nixon and John Kennedy takes place in Chicago. Kennedy wins the election in 1960. Nixon goes on to become president in 1972.
1973 – Wilt Chamberlain signs with the American Basketball Association’s San Diego Conquistadors as a coach. He is drafted by the Philadelphia Warriors in 1959 and ends his plating career with the LA Lakers in 1973. Chamberlain holds an astounding 72 NBA records, including the most number of points scored in a season (4,029). He died in 1999 at the age of 63.
1978 – New York District Court Judge Constance Baker Motley rules that women sportswriters cannot be banned from sports locker rooms.
1892 – The Diamond Match Company patents matchbooks.
1928 – The United States recognizes the Nationalist Chinese government, and vice versa.
1941 – The first World War II liberty ship, the freighter Patrick Henry, launches.
1954 – Charles V. Bush is the first African-American Supreme Court page.
1964 – The Warren Commission releases its findings on the Kennedy assassination and determines that Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone. Oswald is killed by Jack Ruby on November 24,1963, as police transfer Oswald to another jail.
1701 – Divorce is legalized in Maryland.
1850 – The U.S. Navy abolishes flogging as punishment for sailors.
1904 – A woman is arrested for smoking a cigarette in a car on 5th Avenue in New York City
1928 – The first music recording session in Nashville is by Warmack’s Gully Jumpers.
1997 – Newscaster David Brinkley, 74, retires after 54 years in broadcasting. Goodnight Chet.
1904 – The first monument honoring Spanish-American War veterans is erected in Monroeville, Ohio.
1907 – Construction begins on National Cathedral in Washington, DC.
1916 – John D. Rockefeller becomes the first billionaire.
1950 – The telephone answering machine is created by Bell Laboratories.
1994 – The first phase of the OJ Simpson murder trial (jury selection) ends when 304 potential jurors are chosen. He is found not guilt on October 3, 1995.
1997 – Jury selection begins in the Terry Nichols trial for the Oklahoma City bombing.
2008 – Following the bankruptcies of Lehman Brothers and Washington Mutual, the Dow Jones Industrial Average falls 777.68 points, the largest single-day point loss in its history.