This Week In History
by Dianne Hermann
“The farther back you can look, the farther forward you are likely to see.”
– Winston Churchill
Week of September 29-October 5, 2014
1890 – In the first pro baseball game, the New York Metropolitans beat the Washington Nationals 4-2 in 5 innings at Polo Grounds in New York City.
1904 – The first monument honoring Spanish-American War veterans is erected in Monroeville, Ohio.
1907 – Construction begins on National Cathedral in Washington, DC.
1916 – John D. Rockefeller becomes the first billionaire.
1950 – The telephone answering machine is created by Bell Laboratories.
1963 – The Rolling Stones first tour. They are the opening act for Bo Diddley and The Everly Brothers.
1989 – Zsa Zsa Gabor is convicted of slapping a police officer in Beverly Hills, California.
1990 – The Washington National Cathedral construction is completed after 83 years.
1994 – The first phase of the OJ Simpson murder trial (jury selection) ends when 304 potential jurors are chosen. He is found not guilt on October 3, 1995.
1997 – Jury selection begins in the Terry Nichols trial for the Oklahoma City bombing.
2008 – Following the bankruptcies of Lehman Brothers and Washington Mutual, the Dow Jones Industrial Average falls 777.68 points, the largest single-day point loss in its history.
1777 – Congress flees to York, Pennsylvania, as British forces advance during the Revolutionary War.
1864 – Following the Battle of New Market Heights in Virginia, thirteen black soldiers earn the Medal of Honor for their valor in leading the charge against Confederate fortifications after many of their officers are killed or wounded.
1927 – Babe Ruth hits his record setting 60th homerun off pitcher Tom Zachary.
1939 – The first televised college football game is broadcast when the Fordham Rams play the Waynesburg Yellow Jackets at Triborough Stadium in New York City. Fordham wins the game 34–7.
1953 – President Dwight Eisenhower nominates Earl Warren as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. Warren receives Senate confirmation on March 1, 1954, and serves until 1969. Chief Justice Warren dies in 1974 at age 83.
1956 – Chicago White Sox pitcher Jim Derrington, 16, becomes youngest player to start in a baseball game. He never pitched in another major league game after he turned 17 due to a serious arm injury.
1960 – The Flintstones premieres on TV as the first prime time animated show. It airs until April of 1966.
1960 – On Howdy Doody’s last TV show Clarabell the Clown finally speaks saying, “Goodbye Kids.”
Go to the 04:30 mark:
1968 – The first Boeing 747 rolls out.
1997 – Microsoft Corp releases Internet Explorer 4.0.
1888 – National Geographic magazine is published for the first time.
1890 – Yosemite National Park forms during the Benjamin Harrison administration. In June 1864, President Abraham Lincoln signs a bill ceding the Yosemite Valley area to the state of California with the requirement that it be held as a national public trust “for all time.”
1903 – The first baseball World Series is played between the Pittsburgh Pirates and the Boston Pilgrims (now the Red Sox). Boston wins the series 5-3.
1919 – The World Series begins in whichThe Chicago White Sox allegedly throw the series to satisfy gamblers. It is called the Black Sox Scandal. Eight players are eventually acquitted but they are kicked out of baseball anyway. (See August 3, 1921)
1945 – Heavyweight boxing champ Joe Louis is discharged from the Army.
1962 – Johnny Carson hosts his first Tonight Show. Rudy Vallée, Joan Crawford, Tony Bennett, and Mel Brooks are his first guests. The final Tonight Show airs on May 22, 1992. Johnny has no guests. Carson died in 2005 at age 79.
1971 – Walt Disney World in Orlando, Florida, opens to the public.
1975 – Muhammad Ali TKOs Joe Frazier in 15 rounds for the heavyweight boxing title in “The Thrilla in Manila.”
1977 – The Department of Energy is established.
1982 – EPCOT Center (Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow) in Orlando, Florida, opens to the public.
1984 – Peter Ueberroth replaces Bowie Kuhn as the 6th commissioner of baseball.
1992 – The Cartoon Cable Network premieres on TV.
2013 – A partial United States federal government shutdown occurs as a result of political disagreements over operational spending.
1871 – Brigham Young, the Mormon leader, is arrested for bigamy.
1889 – The first Pan American conference in held in Washington, DC.
1916 – Dr. Harry Wegeforth establishes the San Diego Zoo as a result of the abandonment of exotic animals following the 1915 Panama-California Exposition.
1919 – President Woodrow Wilson has a stroke, leaving him partially paralyzed.
1942 – The first self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction demonstrated in Chicago.
1950 – The first comic strips of Charlie Brown and Li’l Folks (later “Peanuts”) appear in nine U.S. newspapers.
1956 – The first atomic power clock is exhibited in New York City.
1967 – Thurgood Marshall is sworn in as the first black Supreme Court Justice. (See August 30, 1967)
1980 – Larry Holmes TKOs 38-year-old Muhammad Ali in 11 rounds for the heavyweight boxing title.
1990 – The U.S. Senate votes 90-9 to confirm David Souter to the Supreme Court.
2002 – The Beltway Sniper attacks begin, extending over three weeks. Ten people are killed and three others wounded before John Allen Muhammed and 17-year-old Lee Boyd Malvo are arrested. In 2003 Malvo is sentenced to six consecutive life terms without possibility of parole and Muhammed is sentenced to death. Muhammed is executed in 2009. Malvo is now 29 years old.
2006 – Five girls are murdered by Charles Carl Roberts in a shooting at an Amish school in Nickel Mines, Pennsylvania, before Roberts commits suicide.
1789 – George Washington proclaims the first national Thanksgiving Day on November 26. In 1863 President Lincoln changes Thanksgiving to the last Thursday in November.
1849 – American author Edgar Allan Poe is found delirious in a gutter in Baltimore, Maryland, under mysterious circumstances. It is the last time he is seen in public before his death on October 7th.
1904 – Educator and activist Mary McLeod Bethune opens the Daytona Normal & Industrial School in Florida, which later becomes Bethune-Cookman College. She also founded the National Council of Negro Women in 1935 and served as an advisor to FDR. Mary died in 1955 at age 79.
1922 – The first facsimile (fax) photo is send over city telephone lines in Washington, DC.
1945 – Elvis Presley makes his first public appearance at age 10 in a
singing contest at the Mississippi-Alabama Fair and Dairy Show. He sings
1955 – “Captain Kangaroo” premieres on TV and airs until 1992. Bob Keeshan (a.k.a. Captain Kangaroo) serves in the U.S. Marine Corps Reserves during World War II. The Captain died in 2004 at age 76.
1955 – The “Mickey Mouse Club” premieres on TV with 39 kids and 3 adults in the cast. The show airs until 1959 but is revived in the 1970 and 1990s. Among the original cast are actress Annette Funicello and future Lawrence Welk dancer Bobby Burgess.
1961 – The “Dick Van Dyke Show” and “Mr. Ed” premiere on TV.
1971 – Billie Jean King becomes the first female athlete to earn $100,000.
1974 – Frank Robinson (Cleveland Indians) becomes baseball’s first black manager.
1995 – OJ Simpson is found not guilty in the murder of his ex-wife Nicole Simpson and her friend Ron Goldman in Los Angeles, California.
2003 – Roy Horn of Siegfried & Roy is attacked by one of the show’s tigers. His severe injuries lead to the permanent cancelation of their Las Vegas show. The tiger died of an illness in March at age 17.
2008 – OJ Simpson is found guilty of charges of kidnapping and armed robbery.
1648 – Peter Stuyvesant, governor of New Amsterdam (later New York), establishes America’s first volunteer firemen when he appoints four men to act as fire wardens.
1777 – General George Washington’s troops attack and are defeated by the British at Germantown, Pennsylvania.
1924 – The New York Giants become first baseball team to appear in four consecutive World Series. The New York Yankees play in five consecutive World Series from 1949-1953. Casey Stengel was the manager for all five series and the Yankees win all five.
1931 – The Dick Tracy comic strip by Chester Gould debuts in newspapers.
1965 – Pope Paul VI becomes the first Pope to visit the Western Hemisphere when he addresses the General Assembly at the United Nations in New York City.
1976 – The Supreme Court lifts a 1972 ban on the death penalty for convicted murderers.
1984 – The U.S. government closes down for two days due to budget issues. The U.S. government has shut down a total of 17 times since 1976 due to budgetary problems.
1997 – The second largest cash robbery in U.S. history occurs at the Charlotte, North Carolina, office of Loomis, Fargo and Company. An FBI investigation eventually results in 24 convictions and the recovery of approximately 95% of the $17.3 million in cash that had been stolen.
2001 – Barry Bonds hits his 70th home run, tying Mark McGwire for the most home runs hit in a single baseball season. Bonds ends the baseball season with 73 homeruns.
2004 – SpaceShipOne wins the $10 million Ansari X Prize. This prize is awarded to a privately built spacecraft that could safely carry a pilot and the equivalent weight of two passengers to the edge of space and then repeat the feat within two weeks. SpaceShipOne cost over $20 million to design and build.
1877 – Chief Joseph surrenders to the U.S. Army, ending the Nez Perce War.
1892 – The Dalton Gang’s daylight 2-bank holdup in Coffeville, Kansas, ends in a shoot-out when townspeople recognize the gang and organize the town to confront them. All the gang members except Emmett Dalton are killed. Emmett is tried, convicted, and sentenced to life in prison but is paroled after 14 years. He uses his notoriety to become a Hollywood screenwriter. He dies in 1937 at age 66.
1921 – The first radio broadcast of the World Series airs. The Yankees beat the Giants 3-0. The Giants go on to defeat the Yankees 5 games to 3.
1923 – Astronomer Edwin Hubble identifies Cepheid as a variable star. His measurements place “M31” a million light-years away, far outside the Milky Way, making it a galaxy containing millions of stars. The Hubble Space Telescope is named for the Rhodes Scholar Edwin Hubble. He dies in 1953 at the age of 63.
1931 – The first nonstop trans-pacific flight lands in Wenatchee, Washington, having left Misawa, Japan, some 41-hours earlier. Pilots Hugh Herndon and Clyde Pangborn perform a controlled crash landing and emerge unhurt.
1945 – “Meet the Press” premieres on the radio. It begins airing on TV in November of 1947, making it the longest running TV show in history.
1947 – Harry Truman delivers the first televised Presidential address from the White House.
1953 – Earl Warren is sworn in as 14th Chief Justice of the U.S.
1953 – The New York Yankees win their record 5th consecutive World Series, beating the Dodgers 4 games to 2.
1970 – PBS (Public Broadcasting System) forms as a TV network.
2001 – Robert Stevens becomes the first of five victims in the 2001 anthrax attacks.